Rare American Malacological Classic Now Available
By Harry G. Lee
The original descriptions of 105 species in 44 genera of
mollusks from the Neogene of Virginia appeared in a short paper by Henry Charles
Lea (Lea, 1843a). This rare and obscure private publication is now posted to
this website at leah.pdf
(6.1 mbs.). The
provision of the resource has an interesting history. We received the PDF file from Pat LaFollette, Research
Associate in Malacology at the Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County (LACM),
who noticed the title in the "Donations to the Library" of the American
Philosophical Society (APS), Philadelphia (Anon, 1846: 405 <http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/91591#page/421/mode/1up>).
After trying in vain to contact the APS librarian, he turned to Richard
Hulser, LACM librarian, who tracked down two copies at the University of
Pennsylvania (UP). Yet it took a phone call by Pat to the latter institution's
archivist, John Pollack to move the needle. John responded by personally
creating a PDF file and sending it on. Several months later, the reproduction
department at the UP Library forwarded Pat the copy we present here; Pat's
earlier inquiry was lost in the Christmas/holiday email traffic.
Although these works ostensibly dealt exclusively with fossils, neontologists should know that at least six of these 105 new species are thought, at least by some, to persist in the Holocene fauna, e.g., Lee (2009), Rosenberg (2009), Rubio et al. (2011), and this website (passim; search function at bottom of landing page):
replacement name, Cerithium adamsii, was proposed for the Recent
Cerithium terebrale C.B. Adams non Lamarck, 1804 (Lea, 1845: 42
Campbell, L.D., 1993. Pliocene mollusks from the Yorktown and Chowan River Formations in Virginia. Virginia Division of Mineral Resources Publication 127: 1-259.
Lea, H.C., [1843a]. Abstract of a paper read before the American Philosophical Society, May 29th, 1843, entitled "Descriptions of some new fossil shells, from the Tertiary of Petersburg, Virginia." [Author, Philadelphia]. pp 1-12 19 October [date fide Martin, 1904: footnote pp. 170-171 figured above.]
Lea, H.C., 1843b. Description of some new fossil shells from the Tertiary of Virginia [abstract]. Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society 3: 162-165. <http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/86861#page/170/mode/1up>
Lea, H.C., . New Fossil Shells from the Tertiary of Petersburg, Va. Author, Philadelphia. -48 + pls. 34-37 < <http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/70706#page/9/mode/1up> [date fide Maryland Geological Survey, 1904: footnote pp. 170-171]
Lea, H.C., 1846. New Fossil Shells from the Tertiary of Petersburg, Va. Transactions of the American Philosophical Society new series 9: 229-274 < http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/91591#page/241/mode/1up>, pls. 34-37. <http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/91591#page/496/mode/1up>
Lee, H.G., 2009. Marine Shells of Northeast Florida. Jacksonville Shell Club, Inc. 204 pp. + 19 color plates. 28 May.
Martin, G.C., 1904. "Systematic paleontology, Miocene. Mollusca." Pp. 130-401,
pls. 39-108 in Clark, W.B., G.B. Shattuck, and W.H. Dall [eds.],
Maryland Geological Survey Miocene. [2 vols.] Johns Hopkins Press,
Baltimore. Vol. 1: [i]-clv + 1 + -548. + 9 pls. Atlas: pls. 10-135, facing
pl. explanations. <http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/54881#page/9/mode/1up>
Rosenberg, G., 2009. Malacolog 4.1.1: A Database of Western Atlantic Marine Mollusca. Electronic database accessible at: http://www.malacolog.org/
Rubio, F., R. Fernández-Garcés, and E. Rolán, 2011. The family Tornidae (Gastropoda: Rissooidea) in the Caribbean and neighboring areas. Iberus 29(2): vii + 1-230. December.